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Role of Nutrition in treatment of typhoid - Basil Wellness

Thread: Role of Nutrition in treatment of typhoid - Basil Wellness

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  1. basilwellness said:

    Role of Nutrition in treatment of typhoid - Basil Wellness

    It is a bacterial infectious disease caused by salmonella typhi. It is transmitted through ingestion of food or drinks contaminated with feces of infected persons or through close contact with them.
    It is also known as typhoid fever as the commonest symptom is high fever up to 103- 104 F.

    Typhoid occurs only in humans, and thus transmits only from human to human through fecal- oral route.

    It is commonly seen in Asia, Africa, and South America where sanitation is poor and inadequate hygienic measures are taken. It is very rare in developed countries nowadays.

    Though typhoid vaccines are available their effectiveness is limited. It is commonly used in people who are travelling to place where typhoid is common or patients who are at risk to have typhoid.

    People at risk:
    Globally, children are at greatest risk to suffer from typhoid; along with those who:
    • Work in or travel to areas where typhoid fever is endemic
    • Drink water or eat food contaminated with S. typhi (commonly through sewage water)
    • Work as a clinical microbiologist handling Salmonella typhi bacteria
    • Have close contact with someone who is infected or has recently been infected with typhoid fever
    • Have weak immune system such as HIV/AIDS


    Prevention
    Sanitation and hygiene are the critical measures that can be taken to prevent typhoid.

    Washing hands- Frequent hand washing is the best way to control infection. Wash your hands thoroughly with hot, soapy water, especially before eating or preparing food and after using the toilet. Carry an alcohol-based hand sanitizer for times when water isn't available.

    Avoid drinking untreated water- Contaminated drinking water is a major problem in areas where typhoid is endemic. So, drink only bottled water or boiled water & ask for drinks without ice.
    Avoid raw fruits and vegetables- Because raw produce may have been washed in unsafe water, avoid fruits and vegetables that you can’t peel.

    Choose hot foods- Avoid food that's stored or served at room temperature. Steaming hot foods are best. It's best to avoid food from street vendors — it's more likely to be contaminated.

    Vaccination- There are two vaccines currently recommended by the World Health Organization for the prevention of typhoid. These are the live, oral Ty21a vaccine and the injectable Typhoid polysaccharide vaccine. Both are recommended for travelers to areas where typhoid is endemic. Boosters are recommended every 5 years for the oral vaccine and every 2 years for the injectable form as vaccine effectiveness diminishes over time. Neither vaccine is 100 percent effective.

    For preventing others to get infected (those who are infected) – washing of hands regularly, avoid handling food, cleaning of household items regularly, keeping personal things separately and cleaning them with hot water and disinfectants.

    Treatment
    • Fluids and electrolytes, either intravenously or orally.
    • Appropriate antibiotics are given to kill the bacteria.
    • Symptomatic treatment to relieve other complaints.


    Role of Nutrition in treatment of typhoid
    • Typhoid is a condition which is got through contaminated water, milk or food infection resulting in a very high fever for a shot duration and in this case the lining of the small intestines are infected and damaged. Absorption of food nutrients is hindered and due to this you will feel hungry, headache may occur too.
    • The diet principles to follow are to keep up a high calorie intake with plenty of carbohydrates.
    • Carbohydrates will act as first source of energy. Both, complex and simple carbohydrates should be added while planning diet
    • Irritation causing food stuffs should be restricted for specific period of times as there is intestinal inflammation. Fiber is to be eliminated from the diet so that the intestine is not further irritated.
    • Spices and other fatty foods which worsen the condition should be restricted. Also a bland diet is to be followed without any spices or masala.
    • Because of the fever, water balance may be affected. So plenty of water and fluids are necessary.
    • Fat intake has to be as low as possible so that we do not put extra burden on the digestive process and help keep the fever down. Too much fat in the food during fever causes the fever to rise higher. It may also cause vomiting which we want to avoid as far as possible or there would be further lose of nutrients and more weakness.
    • Foods which can induce pressure on the digestive system to digest food should be restricted. Instead those are palatable and easily digestible should be eaten.
    • Care must be taken that the person receives adequate amount of calories spaced at regular intervals and get utmost compliance of nutrition.


    -
    Basil Wellness
    Understanding Your Health
     
  2. farnandis said:
    I appreciate you for posting such a wonderful information.
     
  3. nymedicaid said:
    Great information. Thanks for sharing.
     
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