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Overview of the Specialty

Psychiatrists specialize in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric disorders including mental, emotional and behavioral disorders and in the common medical and neurological disorders that relate to the practice of psychiatry.

Training Requirements

Training consists of a minimum of four years of postgraduate education. There are 189 psychiatry residency training programs accredited by the ACGME for 2012/2013 offering more than 1,100 categorical positions available to U.S. seniors.

Matching Program Information and Match Statistics

Psychiatry residency training programs participate in the NRMP. Match results through the NRMP and competitiveness information for psychiatry residency training positions are summarized in the U.S. Match Statistics table below.

US Match Statistics 2013 2012 2011 2010
Competitiveness* Low Low Low Intermediate
# Categorical/ Advanced positions available for U.S. Seniors 1360 1121 1101 1094
% U.S. Seniors matched* 97 97 96 95
# Unfilled Categorical/ Advanced Positions 30 38 29 17
# Unmatched U.S. seniors 20 15 23 32

Source: NRMP *Competitiveness is based on the percentage of U.S. seniors who match in each specialty.

Subspecialty/Fellowship Training

Subspecialty/fellowship training following completion of a psychiatry residency training program is available in addiction psychiatry, child and adolescent psychiatry, forensic psychiatry, geriatric psychiatry, pain management, psychosomatic medicine, hospice and palliative medicine, and sleep medicine. Detailed information about the scope of these subspecialty training programs, number of positions offered and length of training is available in the GMED on line database FREIDA.

Career Information

FREIDA physician workforce information for each specialty includes statistical information on the number of positions/programs for residency training, resident work hours, resident work environment and compensation, employment status upon completion of program and work environment for those entering practice in each specialty.



4 years of residency

Categorical positions available

These are minimum requirements. Some programs may have longer residencies.


Subspecialty Length
Addiction Psychiatry 1 year
Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 2 years
Forensic Psychiatry 1 year
Geriatric Psychiatry 1 year
Hospice and Palliative Medicine 1 year
Pain Management 1 year
Psychosomatic Medicine 1 year
Sleep Medicine 1 year


Median, Academic Salary $200,000
Median, Clinical Salary $207,000
Source: AAMC

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Page Info

Create Date: 12-22-2005

Last Modification: 01-27-2014

Source: Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

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